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Poverty, migrants, refugees, social benefits, unemployment – the 2nd German Gove

In the first months of the year, many different reports on poverty of migrants in Germany have been published. First, on 1 February 2005 the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) presented its report on poverty among migrants in Germany. On 1 March 2005 UNICEF has published its report on child poverty in rich countries and the day after, on 2 March 2005, the German Government adopted the ‘2nd report on poverty and wealth’.
 
According to all mentioned reports, migrants are particularly hit by poverty. Their unemployment quota is twice and their social welfare benefits quota is three times as high as for the German population. In particular, migrant women, children and elderly migrants live below the poverty limit.
 

German Interior Minister Otto Schily, Biography, Lawyer, Aliens Act

German Interior Minister Otto Schily studied Law in Munich and Hamburg in the late fifties. Former vice president and Professor of law at the Freie Universität Berlin, who was his flat mate in Hamburg remembers: “We had long breakfasts and were mainly interested in cultural events and women these days – we also sometimes visited lectures. One can learn a lot about legal careers as well as about the political history by reading this biography by the Berlin freelance Journalist Stefan Reinicke, who wrote a number of biographies such as Jim Jarmusch’s for. Schily lived a controversial lawyer’s life.

 

Citizenship: German Nationality through Naturalisation

Naturalisation is the only way to become a full member of the German society including, for example, the right to vote, to be elected and to work as a civil servant. The Nationality Act of 2000 has made some major improvements in respect of statutory claims to naturalisation. The Immigration Act, which entered into force on 1 January 2005, has lead to some further changes.

 

Integration courses – a programme for the promotion of integration in Germany

The full title of the new German Residence Act is ‘Act on the Residence, Economic Activity and Integration of Foreigners in the Federal Territory’. The Act thus not only aims at regulating  immigration to Germany, but also its scope is to promote the integration of foreigners living in Germany. For this purpose the Residence Act provides a number of instruments meant to ensure that immigrants will integrate, in particular language and integration courses.

Refugees and asylum seekers: Humanitarian migration in Germany

Germany is the European country which hosts most refugees. But the influx of refugees and people seeking asylum is decreasing continuoulsy.

Refugees may benefit from the new Residence Act which recognizes gender-specific and non-state persecution. It transposes some EU directives and establishes the regime for humanitarian migration within the next years.

Family reunion with foreign nationals

There are extensive rules regarding the rights of third-country nationals to join a non-German relative who is already living in Germany. In these cases, the kind of residence permit of the person already resident in Germany, on the one hand, and the family position of the joining person, on the other, are decisive factors.

Family reunion with German nationals

Section 27 and 28 of the Residence Act contain provisions on the immigration of family members for the purpose of famiy reunion. These provisions apply to spouses, children and same-sex partners who wish to come to Germany in order to join a German relative. A same-sex partnership is a civil union similar to marriage which has been recognised in Germany since 2001.

Studying in Germany - entry and residency for educational purposes

The number of foreign students who choose to come to Germany in order to study at German universities is growing continuously. Since 1999, the number has increased by 50 percent and in 2003/04 there were almost 250,000 foreign students studying in Germany. This is a total of 17.4 percent of all students in Germany. While only 26.7 percent of the foreign students completed high school in Germany, 73.3 percent are so called “educational foreigners” who immigrate after the completion of the university entrance diploma.

Self-employed immigrants Preconditions to immigrate to Germany

The new immigration regulation also welcomes self-employed immigrants -- provided they invest a minimum of €1 million ($1.4 million) and create 10 new jobs. The law also tackles a crucial deterrent to highly-qualified immigrants: bureaucracy. People who wish to work in Germany will thus receive a work and residence permit at one central place, such as the German Embassy in their home country.

Brain Gain - Highly skilled migrants and their access to the German labour marke

As the world’s largest economies compete for the ‘best and brightest’ researchers, scientists and highly skilled professionals, the new German Residence Act provides priviledged treatment for highly skilled workers. Unlike other immigrants, highly skilled foreigners may immediately receive an unlimited settlement permit, according to section 19 of the Residence Act.

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