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Germany deports single migrant women and elderly migrants to Afghanistan

HAMBURG/ FRANKFURT AM MAIN – The German Federal State Hamburg already did begin to deport people to Afghanistan in May 2005. The Federal State Hesse has planned to deport Afghans home, too. Hesse focuses on single women and elderly people up to 70 years old. In the view of the security and human rights situation in Afghanistan non-governmental organisations as Pro Asyl criticise that these decisions cannot be justified.

Asylum, Oleg Liskin, Yabloko, Russia, Germany, persecution, jail, human rights

Germany granted political asylum to the Russian opposition leader Oleg Liskin

BERLIN - For the first time German authorities granted asylum to a Russian national. While chancellor Schröder demonstrates unity with the Russian Head of State Putin German asylum authorities recognised the precarious situation in Russia. Human rights activists welcomed the decision.


Citizenship and Nationality, concept and notion, Nottebohm, ICJ

Often the terms ‘nationality’ and ‘citizenship’ are used synonymously in the bulk of the economic, sociological and legal literature on this topic. In this context the notion is understood as a “legal bond having on its basis a social fact of attachment, a genuine connection of existence, interests and sentiments, together with the existence of reciprocal rights and duties” as defined the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the famous Nottebohm decision from 1955. However, it may be worth noting that the underlying membership concepts are not always identical.

Switzerland, law of asylum, amendment, Swiss Federal Constitution, Article 12

BERNE – In the context of the amendment of the law of asylum in Switzerland, the detailed discussion of the act in the two chambers of Parliament (National- und Ständerat) is ex-pected on 12th and 13th May 2005. The awaited amendments tighten the law of asylum and have therefore been strongly criticised. In the proceedings of the Council of States (Ständerat) a clause was enacted, that enables the restriction of the right to aid in distress (Recht auf Hilfe in Notlagen), which is guaranteed by the Swiss Federal Constitution (Bundesverfassung (BV)) in Article 12. By declaring this regulation as unconstitutional one day after its enactment, the Swiss Federal Court (Schweizerisches Bundesgericht) ques-tioned the revison additionally in public.

The practice of granting aid in distress and thoughts to the present revision. – essay by Mirina Grosz.

Seminar: Citizenship Laws and International Migration in Historical Perspective

IZA Seminar
Place: Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 9, 53113 Bonn
Date: 10.05.2005, 12:15 - 13:30

Presentation by Graziella Bertocchi (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)
We investigate the origin, impact and evolution of the legal institution of citizenship. We compile a dataset across countries of the world from the 19th century, which documents how citizenship laws have evolved from the common and civil law traditions. Contrary to the predictions of legal theory, we show that the original, exogenously-given citizenship laws did not matter for migration flows during the early, mass migrations period. After WWII, citizenship-granting institutions are no longer exogenous as they are shown to be determined by international migration flows, border stability, the establishment of democracy, the welfare burden, cultural factors, and colonial history.
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Workshop: How Different Are Immigrants?

How Different Are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement

IZA Seminar
Place: Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 9, 53113 Bonn, Germany
Date: 17.05.2005, 12:00 - 13:30

Presentation by Sylke V. Schnepf (University of Southampton)
This paper examines differences in educational achievement between immigrants and natives in ten countries with a high population of immigrant pupils: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA. The first step of the analysis shows how far countries differ regarding immigrants’ educational disadvantage. In a second step, the paper compares immigrants’ characteristics across countries focusing predominantly on socioeconomic status, language proficiency, immigrants’ time spent in the host country and patterns of school segregation. Using a regression framework the last step of the analysis investigates how far these determinants of educational achievement can explain immigrants’ educational disadvantage in the countries examined. The paper evaluates whether results found are robust across different sources of achievement data: the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS), the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Programme of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS). 

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EU: Financial Framework 2007-2013 – Solidarity and management of migration flows

The European Commission adopted the last package of detailed proposals, linked to the next Financial Framework 2007-2013 on 6 April 2005. According to this proposal the area of justice, freedom and security shall receive financial means of 8.3 billion € of which 70-75 percent will be given to the framework programme for the “Solidarity and management of migration flows”. Within this programme, four major targets shall be reached: The improvement of efficient controls at the external border of the EU, the funding of civic orientation courses and handbooks assisting newcomers, providing adequate reception conditions for persons asking for international protection and for counselling for unsuccessful asylum seekers and illegal immigrants to return with dignity to their country of origin.

UNHCR: EU Asylum Directive – UNHCR urges EU to review its proposed Asylum Proced

GENEVA – On 29 March 2005 the UN refugee agency UNHCR has released a detailed set of comments about the proposed Asylum Procedures Directive on which European Union states reached political agreement in April 2004. The Directive regulates how decisions on asylum claims are made and sets minimum standards for procedures through the 25-nation EU.

OECD – Trends in International Migration

PARIS - On 22.03.2005 the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  (OECD) published the latest edition of its annual ‘Trends in International Migration’. According to this OECD paper fewer people emigrated to major OECD countries such as Australia, Canada, the United States and leading Western European countries including Germany and the Netherlands in 2003, according to the latest comparative data. Detailed figures for 2004 are not yet available, but migration flows within Europe will have been influenced by the entry into the European Union of 10 new member countries.

Trafficking, smuggling, merchants of labour: an ILO paper on a neglected issue o

GENEVA - The International Labour Organization (ILO) published a discussion paper by Prof Philip Martin which deals with merchants of labour, trafficking and smuggling of migrants. In the view of an all-time high of 86 million in 2000 of the number of migrant workers — persons employed outside their countries of birth or citizenship-, Martin states that if migration is the “most under-researched of the global flows,” the role of private agents is among the most understudied aspects of international labour migration.

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